"Move or Not to Move" - Red Deer Stags Movement Activity during the Rut

Recent domestic research on the movements of roe deer

"Move or Not to Move"-Red Deer Stags Movement Activity during the Rut", a scientific article on the movement activity of red deer bulls during the productive period of cows was published on 25 February 2022 in the scientific journal Animals Q1. Combining GPS telemetry with cattle research for the first time, the research contributes to a deeper understanding of the movements of the bull bull. Among the authors of the article are several members of our Board of Trustees; our founder Erika Csányi, the Chairman of the Board of Trustees Dr. Gyula Sándor and the member of the Board of Trustees Sándor Németh. We heartily congratulate them on their research achievements and wish them all the best for the future!

Authors Erika Csányi, Tamás Tari, Sándor Németh, Gyula Sándor


Detailed animal movement analysis can help understand spatial population processes as the ultimate consequences of individual behaviour and ecological impacts. The mating strategy of mammalian herbivores is adapted to the distribution of females; thus, it is important to observe the activity of animals during a rut. In this paper, we used a new approach to examine the relationship between red deer stags' movement activity and the fertile period of hinds. We presumed a relationship between stags' daily activity changes and the period when hinds are in heat. We determined temporal conception trends, including the first and last conception dates in the examined population and the conception peak. In the same period, i.e., in the interval of major ecological significance when mating takes place, the activity of stags was analysed by GPS telemetry. The data collected in the examined period indicate that 60% of the hinds were conceived between 31 August and 19 September. We demonstrated that conception rates differed significantly between the first and second half of the rutting period. At the beginning of the reproductive cycle, the high number of hinds on heat (oestrus synchrony) increased the activity of stags (harem herding) compared to the pre-rutting period. As the mating season progressed, the movement activity of stags increased more (searching behaviour), induced by the decreasing number of fertile hinds. Therefore, we found that the oestrus of hinds significantly influenced the movement activity of stags in red deer.

The full article can be downloaded here:

Suggested citation format:

Csányi, E. & Tari, T. & Németh, S. & Sándor Gy. (2022): "Move or Not to Move"-Red Deer Stags Movement Activity during the Rut. Animals, 12(5): 591. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12050591

(Cover photo: Márk Gschwindt)

Related posts


Don't have an account? Sign-up here